Archive for December, 2009

PRACTICE WHAT YOU LEARNED

Here is a simple exercise to help you practice using the subject pronouns.

 Replace each  English italics nouns/ pronouns with the correct Spanish  nouns/ pronouns; include all possible choices.
1.Halle Berryes bella.
2.We somos Americanos.
3.They son populares.
4.I soy amiga de Carlos.
5.He es un buen actor.
6. Juan es muy gordo.
7.You eres Cubano.
8.They son amigas.
9.She es una buena actriz.
 Next post I will  go over the correct answers.
Till next time

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HOW TO USE SPANISH PRONOUNS- FORMAL/PLURAL FORMS

Last lesson  I covered  the singular forms of the pronouns, today I would like to talk about the formal  forms and the plural forms.  There are two ways to express you in Spanish. tú/usted.  Tú is used to speak to a person you can call by first name, usted is used to  speak to someone you do not know well and to adults.
Examples:  Tú eres mi mejor amigo.  You are my best friend/ ¿ Es usted  el padre de Jose?  Are you Jose’s dad?  Here are the plural forms of the subject pronouns:  Nosotros/Nosotras-We  / used when the speaker includes himself/herself in the conversation.  Nosotros somos Mexicanos- You and I (we) are Mexicans. This form includes a mixed group of males/females.  Nosotras somos Mexicanas- We the ( girls ) are Mexicans. This form refers to just females.  Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes–  Ellos son Mexicanos- They are Mexicans(male/females)  Ellas son Mexicanas( females ) The girls are Mexicans. Notice one can substitute Ellos with actual names( Marta/Marco-ellos)  (Marta/ Olivia- ellas)   Ustedes is you plural-  used to speak to more than one person.  Ustedes son Mexicanos.  You are Mexicans.  One last thing to mention.  Vosotros/Vosotras is second person plural.  This form is rarely used; therefore it is  not important to learn  these two forms.  Next lesson I will post an exercise that will allow you to practice  all the pronouns.
Happy study!

HOW TO USE SPANISH PRONOUNS- SINGULAR FORMS

The function of a pronoun is to replace a noun.  Some pronouns can be substituted for nouns.  Here are some examples:  There is no substitution for Yo-I, because you are doing  the speaking.

I am short- Yo soy baja.
No substitution for You- Tú because you are the person being spoken to
Are you American?  ¿Tú eres Americano,  no ?
él-he
ella-she   You can substitute él for a boy’s name:  Pablo es alto- He the boy(él) is tall.
Mayra es alta. -She the girl(ella) is tall.

When learning how to speak it is very important to learn how and when to use the subject pronouns.
Study  the above pronouns.  Next lesson I will go over the formal forms and the plural forms of the pronouns.  Happy study.

PLURAL FORM OF PRONOUNS

We-Nous- Used when the speaker includes himself/herself in the conversation.
We are going to the store- Nous allons au magazin.

You- Vous-  This is the formal form used when you are speaking to someone you do not know well or when you are speaking to more than one person .
Que voulez vous – what would you like?

Ils- They –  Used to talk about a group of boys and girls
Elles- They- Used to talk about girls only.
Ils sont blonds- They are blond.(mixed group)
Elles sont blondes- The girls are blond.

Study the plural forms of the subject pronouns.  Next lesson I will cover how to substitute them with nouns.

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FRENCH PRONOUNS

Today we will take a look at French pronouns. Pronouns are very important because they are used very frequently in  daily conversation. The most important thing to understand about pronouns is how and when to use them. Make note of the following:

I-Je- you do the speaking when using  the pronoun I.  For example:  I am American,  I am a woman
French translation- Je suis américaine, Je suis une femme.

You-Tu- Someone is saying something to you or asking you a question.  For example: Are you American?
French translation-  Tu es américaine?

He/She/it-Elle/Il- Person being spoken about .  For example:   She  is pretty. He is handsome
French translation- Elle est belle.  Il est beau.
Take  the time to study these pronouns and be sure to learn when to use them.
Next lesson we will cover the plural forms of the pronouns.   Happy study